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The Caralhûnan

A ConScript by Michael S. Repton.


Internal: The Caralhûnan, meaning "Thirty Runes", are based on the old Fælînhan runes. One group of the descendants of the Fælînhans settled at Ændros in the Brûkhix Mountains, a settlement that grew into a city famous for its university, the first institution of its kind. In the early days of the university, the scholars reformed the old runes to better accommodate the phonemes of their language, adding letters such as C and X to represent sounds that had previously been written with digraphs. Later on, when parchment was invented, the runes were adapted for cursive writing, and at this time it was found convenient to invent letters for the six vowels.

External: Like the Ændron scribes, I started from the runic forms of the letters, and worked out how they might have developed into cursive letters. In devising the runes I tried to show the relations between the letters (the C and X are modified variants of K and T, and several voiced/voiceless pairs are mirror reflections of each other); in the cursive letters I was more concerned with keeping them easily distinguishable. The B, for example, has a doubled diagonal stroke to stop it being confused with the D.

Notable Features:

  • The Caralhûnan are an alphabet, written left to right.
  • The vowels are half the size of the consonants; what we would call the x-height. Long vowels are shown with a length mark above the letter (in transliteration, a circumflex).
  • All letters that finish in the bottom-right corner join to the next letter. If the next letter is P, T or X, the joining stroke goes to the top-left corner; if H, Hw, Nh or W, to the middle height.
  • The letter R has a different form when it occurs word-finally.
  • Some variant spellings exist. In particular, because the runic form of the alphabet lacked vowels, long vowels and diphthongs when not followed by a consonant were shown with the glides J or W, and this convention is sometimes followed in the cursive form as well. For instance, the word au can be written AW, although AU is usually preferred.

Used to write: Arêndron and its modern descendants (Modern Ændron, Tenôrî, Sairjan, Lhanairon, Xœlano, Værkánhan, etc.) Each language uses the script slightly differently to suit its own phonology; several of them use digraphs or new letters to represent sounds lacking in Arêndron, and each one uses some letters for different sounds or not at all.



Alternative Forms

From left to right: word-final R; old forms of S and Hw, now considered archaic; Modern Ændron's two additions to the alphabet, vowel letters representing /2/ and /3/.




The "full stop" is only used to start a new sentence, not after the last sentence of a paragraph. There is no close quotation mark; a quotation is only ended by starting a new paragraph.

Sample Text


Dui vâdalun khotâragh, murÅ‹âsun shautagh grœnoi.


That(rel.)[assoc.] speak[pass. inf.] [neg.]can[IV sing.] be-silent[protr. inf.] must[IV sing.] that[assoc.]


What cannot be spoken of, one must remain silent about. (Wittgenstein)

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